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Alterations in the genomes of avian sarcoma viruses.

Mason, W S and Linial, M and Hsu, T W and Eisenman, R N and Townsend, J and Mark, G E and Seal, G and Aldrich, C and Taylor, J M (1982) Alterations in the genomes of avian sarcoma viruses. Virology, 117 (2). pp. 456-474. ISSN 0042-6822

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We describe 12 nonconditional mutants of avian sarcoma virus. Eleven were replication defective and one appeared to retain wild-type functions. Comparison of restriction endonuclease digests of viral DNA revealed that 8 of 11 replication defectives contained large deletions of viral information. A functionally wild-type variant contained an insertion of sequences between the env and src genes. The deletions appeared to be randomly distributed throughout the replicative genes: gag, pol, and env. In most, but not all, cases, the phenotype of the deletion mutants could be simply correlated with the location and extent of the deletions. In a few cases, the defects in expression appeared to be more extensive than would be expected from a single point or deletion mutation, suggesting that these mutants contained multiple mutations or a single mutation in a region affecting several viral functions.

Item Type: Article or Abstract
Additional Information: This article is not available online. The link above directs to the abstract at the journal website.
DOI: 10.1016/0042-6822(82)90484-6
PubMed ID: 6278747
Grant Numbers: CA 26012, CA 06927, CA 22651, CA 18282, CA 20525, RR 05539
Keywords or MeSH Headings: Alpharetrovirus/genetics; Animals; Cell Line; Cell Transformation, Viral; DNA Restriction Enzymes; DNA, Viral/analysis; Defective Viruses/isolation & purification; Genetic Complementation Test; Helper Viruses/metabolism; Mutation; Quail; RNA, Messenger/analysis; Recombination, Genetic; Viral Envelope Proteins; Viral Proteins/analysis; Virion/analysis;
Subjects: Cellular and Organismal Processes > Genetic processes > Mutation
Organisms > Viruses > RNA viruses
Depositing User: Library Staff
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2008 00:20
Last Modified: 07 May 2010 18:28

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