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Modulation of T-lymphocyte development, growth and cell size by the Myc antagonist and transcriptional repressor Mad1.

Iritani, Brian M and Delrow, Jeffrey and Grandori, Carla and Gomez, Ivan and Klacking, Meredith and Carlos, Leni Sue and Eisenman, Robert N (2002) Modulation of T-lymphocyte development, growth and cell size by the Myc antagonist and transcriptional repressor Mad1. The EMBO journal, 21 (18). pp. 4820-4830. ISSN 0261-4189

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Activated lymphocytes must increase in size and duplicate their contents (cell growth) before they can divide. The molecular events that control cell growth in proliferating lymphocytes and other metazoan cells are still unclear. Here, we utilized transgenesis to provide evidence suggesting that the basic helix-loop- helix-zipper (bHLHZ) transcriptional repressor Mad1, considered to be an antagonist of Myc function, inhibits lymphocyte expansion, maturation and growth following pre-T-cell receptor (pre-TCR) and TCR stimulation. Furthermore, we utilized cDNA microarray technology to determine that, of the genes repressed by Mad1, the majority (77%) are involved in cell growth, which correlates with a decrease in size of Mad1 transgenic thymocytes. Over 80% of the genes repressed by Mad1 have previously been found to be induced by Myc. These results suggest that a balance between Myc and Mad levels may normally modulate lymphocyte proliferation and development in part by controlling expression of growth-regulating genes.

Item Type: Article or Abstract
Additional Information: This article is freely available in PubMed Central.
DOI: 10.1093/emboj/cdf492
PubMed ID: 12234922
PMCID: PMC126288
Grant Numbers: 1 K08 AJ01445-01
Keywords or MeSH Headings: Animals; B-Lymphocytes/physiology; Cell Cycle Proteins; Cell Size; Flow Cytometry; Gene Expression Regulation; Helix-Loop-Helix Motifs; Lymphocyte Activation/physiology; Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics/metabolism; Mice; Mice, Transgenic; Nuclear Proteins/metabolism; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis; Phosphoproteins/genetics/metabolism; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism; Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid; Repressor Proteins/genetics/metabolism; Signal Transduction/physiology; T-Lymphocytes/physiology; Thymus Gland/cytology/physiology;
Subjects: Molecules > Proteins > Transcription factors
Cell Types > Blood and Immune Cells > T-Lymphocytes
Molecules > Genes > Oncogenes
Depositing User: Library Staff
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2008 22:10
Last Modified: 24 May 2010 18:36

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