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Diverse Contexts of Zoonotic Transmission of Simian Foamy Viruses in Asia

Jones-Engel, Lisa and May, Cynthia C. and Engel, Gregory A. and Steinkraus, Katherine A. and Schillaci, Michael A. and Fuentes, Agustin and Rompis, Aida and Chalise, Mukesh K. and Aggimarangsee, Nantiya and Feeroz, Mohammed M. and Grant, Richard and Allan, Jonathan S. and Putra, Arta and Wandia, Nengah and Watanabe, Robin and Kuller, LaRene and Thongsawat, Satawat and Chaiwarith, Romanee and Kyes, Randall C. and Linial, Maxine L. (2008) Diverse Contexts of Zoonotic Transmission of Simian Foamy Viruses in Asia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 14 (8). pp. 1200-1208. ISSN 1080-6059

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Article URL: http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/14/8/1200.htm

Abstract

In Asia, contact between persons and nonhuman primates is widespread in multiple occupational and nonoccupational contexts. Simian foamy viruses (SFVs) are retroviruses that are prevalent in all species of nonhuman primates. To determine SFV prevalence in humans, we tested 305 persons who lived or worked around nonhuman primates in several South and Southeast Asian countries; 8 (2.6%) were confirmed SFV positive by Western blot and, for some, by PCR. The interspecies interactions that likely resulted in virus transmission were diverse; 5 macaque taxa were implicated as the source of infection. Phylogenetic analysis showed that SFV from 3 infected persons was similar to that from the nonhuman primate populations with which the infected persons reported contact. Thus, SFV infections are likely to be prevalent among persons who live or work near nonhuman primates in Asia.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Emerging Infectious Diseases is published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a U.S. Government agency. Therefore, all materials published in Emerging Infectious Diseases are in the public domain and can be used without permission. Proper citation, however, is required.
DOI: 10.3201/eid1408.071430
PubMed ID: 18680642
NIHMSID: NIHMS63488
PMCID: PMC2562341
Grant Numbers: R01 CA081297-05, P51 RR000166-440118, P51 RR000166-467574, P51 RR013986-060120, T32 CA009229-30, N66001-02-C-8072
Keywords or MeSH Headings: Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Animals; Ape Diseases/transmission/virology; Asia/epidemiology; DNA, Viral/genetics; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Occupational Exposure; Phylogeny; Retroviridae Infections/epidemiology/*transmission; *Simian foamy virus; Zoonoses/*transmission;
Subjects: Health Care > World Health
Organisms > Viruses > RNA viruses
Diseases > Viral diseases
Depositing User: Library Staff
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2008 23:10
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2012 14:42
URI: http://authors.fhcrc.org/id/eprint/19

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