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Functional analysis of the Mad1-mSin3A repressor-corepressor interaction reveals determinants of specificity, affinity, and transcriptional response.

Cowley, Shaun M and Kang, Richard S and Frangioni, John V and Yada, Jason J and DeGrand, Alec M and Radhakrishnan, Ishwar and Eisenman, Robert N (2004) Functional analysis of the Mad1-mSin3A repressor-corepressor interaction reveals determinants of specificity, affinity, and transcriptional response. Molecular and cellular biology, 24 (7). pp. 2698-2709. ISSN 0270-7306

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The recruitment of corepressors by DNA-bound repressors is likely to be a critical rate-limiting step in the transcriptional regulation of many genes. An excellent paradigm for such an interaction is the association of the basic helix-loop-helix zipper protein Mad1 with the corepressor mSin3A. When bound together, the Sin3 interaction domain (SID) of Mad1 forms extensive hydrophobic contacts with the four-helix bundle formed by the paired amphipathic helix 2 (PAH2) domain of mSin3A. Using the costructure to predict the principle residues required for binding, we have carried out an extensive mutational analysis to examine the Mad1 SID-mSin3A PAH2 interaction in vitro and in vivo. Bulky hydrophobic residues in the alpha1 (I308 and V311) and alpha2 (L329 and L332) helices of the PAH2 domain are necessary to accommodate the precise arrangement of bulky (L12) and short (A15 and A16) hydrophobic residues in the amphipathic Mad1 SID. We have also used phage display to derive an optimal SID, which shows an essentially identical arrangement of key residues. By manipulating these key residues, we have generated altered-specificity Mad1 SID mutants that bind only to a PAH2 domain with a reciprocal mutation, permitting us to demonstrate for the first time that these domains interact directly in vivo. We have also found that the integrity of the PAH1 domain affects the Mad1 SID-PAH2 interaction. It is conceivable that cross talk between different PAH domains and their binding partners helps to determine the subunit composition and order of assembly of mSin3A complexes.

Item Type: Article or Abstract
Additional Information: This article is freely available in PubMed Central and at the journal's website.
DOI: 10.1128/MCB.24.7.2698-2709.2004
PubMed ID: 15024060
PMCID: PMC371107
Grant Numbers: R21/R33 CA-88245, 5-FY00-605, GM 64715, R37CA57138
Keywords or MeSH Headings: Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Cell Cycle Proteins; Cell Line; Genes, Reporter; Humans; Models, Molecular; Mutation; Nuclear Proteins/chemistry/genetics/metabolism; Phosphoproteins/chemistry/genetics/metabolism; Protein Binding; Protein Conformation; Recombinant Fusion Proteins/chemistry/genetics/metabolism; Repressor Proteins/chemistry/genetics/metabolism; Transcription Factors/chemistry/genetics/metabolism; Transcription, Genetic;
Subjects: Molecules > Proteins > Transcription factors
Molecules > Molecular structure
Cellular and Organismal Processes > Genetic processes > Transcription
Depositing User: Library Staff
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2008 23:26
Last Modified: 07 May 2010 22:12

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