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Mnt-deficient mammary glands exhibit impaired involution and tumors with characteristics of myc overexpression.

Toyo-oka, Kazuhito and Bowen, Timothy J and Hirotsune, Shinji and Li, Zirong and Jain, Sonia and Ota, Sara and Escoubet-Lozach, Laure and Lozach, Laure Escoubet and Garcia-Bassets, Ivan and Bassett, Ivan Garcia and Lozach, Jean and Rosenfeld, Michael G and Glass, Christopher K and Eisenman, Robert and Ren, Bing and Hurlin, Peter and Wynshaw-Boris, Anthony (2006) Mnt-deficient mammary glands exhibit impaired involution and tumors with characteristics of myc overexpression. Cancer research, 66 (11). pp. 5565-5573. ISSN 0008-5472

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The proto-oncogene c-Myc plays a central role in cell growth and the development of human tumors. c-Myc interacts with Max and Myc-Max complexes bind to E-box and related sequences to activate transcription. Max also interacts with Mnt but Mnt-Max complexes repress transcription when bound to these sequences. MNT maps to human chromosome 17p13.3, a region frequently deleted in various human tumors, including mammary gland tumors. Consistent with the possibility that Mnt functions as a Myc antagonist, Mnt-deficient fibroblasts exhibit many of the hallmark characteristics of cells that overexpress Myc, and conditional (Cre/Lox) inactivation of Mnt in mammary gland epithelium leads to adenocarcinomas. Here, we further characterize mammary gland tissue following conditional deletion of Mnt in the mammary gland. We show that loss of Mnt severely disrupts mammary gland involution and leads to hyperplastic ducts associated with reduced numbers of apoptotic cells. These findings suggest that loss of Mnt in mammary tissue has similarities to Myc overexpression. We tested this directly by using promoter array analysis and mRNA expression analysis by oligonucleotide arrays. We found that Mnt and c-Myc bound to similar promoters in tumors from MMTV-c-Myc transgenic mice, and mRNA expression patterns were similar between mammary tumors from MMTV-Cre/Mnt(KO/CKO) and MMTV-c-Myc transgenic mice. These results reveal an important role for Mnt in pregnancy-associated mammary gland development and suggest that mammary gland tumorigenesis in the absence of Mnt is analogous to that caused by Myc deregulation.

Item Type: Article or Abstract
Additional Information: This article is freely available at the journal's website via the Article URL above.
DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-05-2683
PubMed ID: 16740691
Keywords or MeSH Headings: Animals; Apoptosis/genetics; Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors/biosynthesis/deficiency/genetics/metabolism; Female; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic; Genes, Tumor Suppressor; Lactation/physiology; Mammary Glands, Animal/growth & development/metabolism/pathology/physiology; Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental/genetics/metabolism/pathology; Mice; Mice, Knockout; Mice, Transgenic; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Protein Binding; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/biosynthesis/genetics/metabolism; Repressor Proteins/biosynthesis/genetics/metabolism;
Subjects: Molecules > Proteins > Transcription factors
Diseases > Solid tumors > Breast cancer
Organisms > Model organisms
Molecules > Genes > Oncogenes
Depositing User: Library Staff
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2008 21:08
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2011 00:43

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