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Role of autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplantation in myeloma.

Bensinger, W I (2009) Role of autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplantation in myeloma. Leukemia : official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K, 23 (3). pp. 442-448. ISSN 1476-5551

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The treatment of multiple myeloma (MM), a largely incurable B-cell hematologic malignancy, is changing dramatically. Autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) and the approval of two new classes of drugs, immunomodulators and proteosome inhibitors, have resulted in improved response rates and increased overall survivals. Thalidomide, bortezomib and lenalidomide have been combined with corticosteroids, alkylators and anthracyclines in front-line MM treatment. Phase 2 and preliminary phase 3 studies have reported very high response rates and complete response rates formerly seen only with SCT. When patients with MM who have received these new drugs then proceed to transplant, major response rates are further increased. Owing to limited follow-up, it is unclear whether these higher response rates translate into increased survival. Despite these improvements, the disease remains incurable for all but a small fraction of patients. Allogeneic SCT is potentially curative, due in part to a graft-versus-myeloma effect but is limited by mortality. Mortality can be reduced through the use of lower intensity conditioning regimens but this comes at a cost of higher rates of disease progression and relapse. Strategies to improve outcomes of allogeneic transplants include more intensive, yet non-myeloablative conditioning regimens, tandem transplants, peripheral blood cells, graft engineering, post-transplant maintenance and targeted conditioning therapies.

Item Type: Article or Abstract
Additional Information: This article is available to subscribers only via the URL above.
DOI: 10.1038/leu.2008.396
PubMed ID: 19277049
PMCID: PMC2763584
Grant Numbers: P01 CA018029-33, P01 CA018221-26, P01 HL036444-28, P30 CA015704-34
Keywords or MeSH Headings: Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage/therapeutic use; Clinical Trials as Topic/statistics & numerical data; Combined Modality Therapy; Graft vs Host Disease/drug therapy/etiology; Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects; Humans; Immunologic Factors/administration & dosage/therapeutic use; Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy/surgery; Myeloablative Agonists/adverse effects/therapeutic use; Neoplasm, Residual; Protease Inhibitors/administration & dosage/therapeutic use; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/statistics & numerical data; Reoperation; Transplantation Conditioning/adverse effects/methods; Transplantation, Autologous; Transplantation, Homologous/adverse effects; Treatment Outcome;
Depositing User: Library Staff
Date Deposited: 06 May 2009 17:19
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2012 14:42

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