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Effect of population trends in body mass index on prostate cancer incidence and mortality in the United States.

Fesinmeyer, Megan Dann and Gulati, Roman and Zeliadt, Steve and Weiss, Noel and Kristal, Alan R and Etzioni, Ruth (2009) Effect of population trends in body mass index on prostate cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 18 (3). pp. 808-815. ISSN 1055-9965

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Concurrent with increasing prostate cancer incidence and declining prostate cancer mortality in the United States, the prevalence of obesity has been increasing steadily. Several studies have reported that obesity is associated with increased risk of high-grade prostate cancer and prostate cancer mortality, and it is thus likely that the increase in obesity has increased the burden of prostate cancer. In this study, we assess the potential effect of increasing obesity on prostate cancer incidence and mortality. We first estimate obesity-associated relative risks of low- and high-grade prostate cancer using data from the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial. Then, using obesity prevalence data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and prostate cancer incidence data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program, we convert annual grade-specific prostate cancer incidence rates into incidence rates conditional on weight category. Next, we combine the conditional incidence rates with the 1980 prevalence rates for each weight category to project annual grade-specific incidence under 1980 obesity levels. We use a simulation model based on observed survival and mortality data to translate the effects of obesity trends on prostate cancer incidence into effects on disease-specific mortality. The predicted increase in obesity prevalence since 1980 increased high-grade prostate cancer incidence by 15.5% and prostate cancer mortality by between 7.0% (under identical survival for obese and nonobese cases) and 23.0% (under different survival for obese and nonobese cases) in 2002. We conclude that increasing obesity prevalence since 1980 has partially obscured declines in prostate cancer mortality.

Item Type: Article or Abstract
Additional Information: This article is available to subscribers only via the URL above for the first 12 months following publication.
DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0784
PubMed ID: 19258479
PMCID: PMC2750884
Grant Numbers: U01 CA088160-08
Keywords or MeSH Headings: Adult; Aged; Body Mass Index; Humans; Incidence; Male; Middle Aged; Nutrition Surveys; Obesity/complications/epidemiology; Population Surveillance; Prevalence; Prostatic Neoplasms/epidemiology/etiology/mortality; United States/epidemiology;
Subjects: Health Care > Risk and Preventive Health Services > Diet
Research Methodologies > Epidemiology > Risk assessment
Psychology > Behavior
Diseases > Solid tumors > Prostate cancer
Depositing User: Library Staff
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2009 21:40
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2012 14:42

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