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Chumnguh Thleum: Understanding Liver Illness and Hepatitis B Among Cambodian Immigrants.

Burke, Nancy J and Do, Hoai Huyen and Talbot, Jocelyn and Sos, Channdara and Svy, Danika and Taylor, Victoria M (2010) Chumnguh Thleum: Understanding Liver Illness and Hepatitis B Among Cambodian Immigrants. Journal of community health. ISSN 1573-3610

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Cambodian immigrants are over 25 times more likely to have evidence of chronic hepatitis B infection than the general US population. Carriers of HBV are over 100 times more likely to develop liver cancer than non-carriers. Liver cancer incidence is the second leading cancer for Cambodian men and the sixth for Cambodian women. Despite this, this underserved population has received very little attention from health disparities researchers. Culturally and linguistically appropriate interventions are necessary to increase hepatitis B knowledge, serologic testing, and vaccination among Cambodian Americans. Eight group interviews were held with Cambodian American men (48) and women (49). Focus group discussion revealed unanticipated information about sociocultural influences on participants' understanding about hepatitis B transmission, disease course, and prevention and treatment informed by humoral theories underlying Khmer medicine, by biomedicine, and by migration experiences. Our findings reveal the value of qualitative exploration to providing cultural context to biomedical information-a formula for effective health promotion and practice.

Item Type: Article or Abstract
Additional Information: This article journals was published under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial licens.
DOI: 10.1007/s10900-010-9277-y
PubMed ID: 20496000
PMCID: PMC3020312
Keywords or MeSH Headings: Adult Aged Cambodia/ethnology Community-Based Participatory Research Cultural Competency* Emigrants and Immigrants/psychology* Emigrants and Immigrants/statistics & numerical data Female Focus Groups Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice* Health Promotion/methods* Health Status Disparities* Hepatitis B/diagnosis Hepatitis B/ethnology* Hepatitis B/prevention & control Humans Liver Neoplasms/ethnology* Liver Neoplasms/prevention & control Liver Neoplasms/virology Male Mass Screening/utilization Middle Aged Qualitative Research United States/epidemiology Vaccination Young Adult
Subjects: Education > Health education
Diseases > Viral diseases
Diseases > Solid tumors
Health Care > Risk and Preventive Health Services
Depositing User: Library Staff
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2010 19:32
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2012 14:43

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